CARDIAC SURGERY

Aortocoronary bypass grafting (ACBG)

The bypass operation is performed in order to improve heart muscle blood flow, therefore improving heart pump function and reducing symptoms. Using the chest wall artery (internal mammary artery) or part of the leg vein (vena saphena), surgeon bypasses the coronary artery stenosis.

Heart valve operation

Artificial biological or mechanical (metal) valves are used in the replacement. The native valve is completely removed and the artificial valve is sutured to the surrounding heart tissue. Some patients feel immediate symptom relief after the operation, while other patients need up to several months to start feeling improvement. The heart needs some time to recover from the overload that existed before the operation.

Atrial or ventricular septal defect reparation

Some patients need surgical closure of the septal defects: between the left and right atrium (atrial septal defect – ASD) or between the left and right ventricle (ventricular septal defect – VSD).

Operation of an aortic aneurysm

The aorta can be damaged by several diseases. The aorta can be enlarged and inner layers of the aortic wall can be damaged, forming an aneurysm that requires surgical treatment. The damaged part of the aorta can be completely removed or preserved, and replaced with a graft made of strong materials.

Ventricular aneurysm operation

Heart attack causes heart muscle damage and scar tissue formation, resulting in ventricular wall thinning and aneurysm formation, i.e. an enlargement of a part of the wall of the left ventricle. An aneurysm reduces left ventricle pump function. It can be surgically removed. After the aneurysm is removed, healthy parts of ventricular wall are sutured together.

Myectomy for hypertrophic obstructive cardiomyopathy

The septum (wall) between heart main chambers can be extremely thick in patients with hereditary cardiomyopathy, which results in blood flow obstruction. Excessive muscle tissue can be surgically removed.

Tumors resection

Sometimes, a tumor can be attached to the heart structures impairing heart function. It can usually be surgically removed.

Bentall operation

This operation includes both aortic valve and ascendant aorta graft replacement.

Combined operations

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